Tuesday, July 31, 2007

The Composition In Folk Embroidery

Today we shall speak about the composition in embroidery. You will acquire to cognize about decorations and its usage to decorate family material in modern times of old. Cosmetic forms decorate many things. If a thing is beautiful, it is pleasant to utilize it. You have got many sweets at home: mulct china, in-wrought drapery, embroidered cushions, oven ware… Try to decorate them yourself.

In former modern times only a few could purchase mulct things. In the small towns away from large metropolises people made and decorated the things they needed themselves – wooden spoons, plates, H2O scoopfuls and other. Some of them survived to our times. Many of such as things are elaborately made. Now they are kept in museums. We make not cognize the name calling of those who made them, but their fine fine art is called common people art.

The plant of the common people craftsman delectation us in colour schemes, astonishing images of plants, birds and animals. Patterns are wonderful: flowers, bizarre birds, and thin and neat subdivisions of trees. And what colors!

How could the common people craftsman make such as a gorgeous design?

Who could give him a cue?

It was the nature that directed him; he had seen it in the wood or in the garden. Look carefully at the plants, how their leaves of absence grow, what their form is, what the colours are.

Before making something, you should believe the whole point over, make up one's mind upon the shape, arranging of the pattern, it fictional character and color. The artistic solution of the decoration is included into the general conception of composition.

The Latin word "composition" intends arranging separate parts into a complete unit of measurement in a certain order. Together these parts are supposed to make a definite shape. In the properly designed composition all the elements are interconnected, it is impossible to take anything without the loss of unity of the image and the harmoniousness of composition.

Composition have the principal elements and secondary, low-level elements. The principal elements are those that pull attending first and bear the chief idea, the conception of the pattern. The major component of the designing must be connected and balanced by the secondary elements. The chief portion is not necessarily located in the centre of the composition. It can be emphasized by the agency of direct contrast colour or its size and shape.

Composition can be three or two-dimensional. Embellishment is a two dimensional composition. Composition developing is a originative procedure of artistic work innovation from construct to perfection. Starting an embroidery, one should retrieve that it is an applied art, and any embroidered item, whether it be a tablecloth, a blouse, or a panel, is family article as well as a piece of art. Thus, the size and manner of the tablecloth, its color, and the form will depend on the size and shape, stuff and colour of the tabular array it is made for. The tablecloth will go a portion of interior, that is why it must be balance with the other things in the room.

You should be aware of some the chief notions and intends of composition in order to larn how to set up a composition correctly. They are rhythm, resonance order, symmetricalness and others. All these notions in their bend are connected with the conception of "ornament".

In Latin "ornament" intends decoration. In ancient modern times decoration designed had a strongly marked symbolical meaning.

A consecutive horizontal line stood for the land surface, horizontal wavy line stood for the water, a perpendicular wavy line symbolized rain, trigons meant mountains, crossed lined stood for fire and lightning, the Sun and the Moon – beaming celestial organic structures - were indicated by a circle, a square, or a rhombus.

A female fictional character with manus up or down represented the mental image of World Mother, connected with worshiping of the land and water. Eastern Slavic Language goddess was the patronne of water, household, fireplace and home, and handiwork.

Branched trees and toad mental images stood for fertile land; grass, flowers, bushes, and trees were called "the hair of the Earth". Out-runner of the Sun, heat and light, symbol of felicity and joyousness was a bird that promised the incoming of spring, crop and wealth. A cervid and Equus caballus represented "live-giving aster" – the Sun – and were believed to convey good fortune, jollity, and prosperity.

The rhombus was the chief mark and it had many meanings. A smooth or spurred rhombus stood for the Sun and fire, as well as for fertility, revival. A concatenation of rhombuses meant the Tree of Life. A rhombus with protruding sides represented the top of lumber work; a square divided into four parts with a circle or a stud in each meant a homestead and a sown field.

There were particular decorations for wedding ceremony garments and entombment clothes, warrior clothing, farmers, and or family stuff, etc. Dishes, kitchen stoves and piece of furniture were covered with ornaments. Every part had their traditional decoration patterns. It is easy to separate Russian form from Estonian one. Over clip the figs changed, became more than complicated and were combined with other designs, creating mental image patterns. Now decoration have a purely cosmetic function.

Ornament is a form the elements of which follow a definite rhythm.

The portion of the decoration that is completely repeated at a specific time interval is called rapport, which intends repetition.

According to the agreement and the fictional character of composition, which is always closely related to the form O the decorated item, decoration can be:

Ribbon – consecutive or arched strip that decorates the centre of the point or frameworks it (frieze, border);

Net like, where all the surface is covered with the pattern;

Centric, or rosette-like, where all the elements are inserted into a square, circle, rhombus, or multi angular (rosette), located in the center of an item.

The followers ornament designings are distinguished:

Geometric, consisting of respective elements;

Meander - composed of broken lines, widely used in Ancient Hellenic Republic and named after the river Meander;

Floral, composed of stylised flower, fruit, go forths and subdivision images;

Animal, with stylised figs of animate beings and insects;

Lettering-like (ligature), resembling a lettering.

Designing a form is always related to symmetricalness that is typical for common people embellishment patterns. You can contrive a decoration with one or respective lines of symmetry. The easiest type of symmetricalness (with one line) is a mirror contemplation when the line splits an component into two indistinguishable parts.

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